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NIGERIA POLIO OUTBREAK

 

Headlines  

 

  • Nigeria: In Nigeria, wild poliovirus type one (WPV1) has been detected from Borno state. Virus was isolated from two local government areas (LGA) of Borno; in Gwoza LGAs, in a child with acute flaccid paralysis (AFP – onset of paralysis on 13 July) and close healthy contacts of that child; and in Jere from a close healthy contact of a child who had developed AFP symptoms on 6 July. Both cases are reported by ‘advanced notification’ this week and will be reflected in the official data next week.

  • First since July 2014: It is the first WPV1 detected in Nigeria since July 2014.  Genetic sequencing of the isolated viruses suggest they are most closely linked to WPV1 last detected in Borno in 2011, indicating the strain has been circulating without detection since that time.   

  • Outbreak response: An outbreak response plan is currently being finalized, consisting of three large-scale supplementary immunization activities (SIAs) with bivalent oral polio vaccine (OPV), the first one beginning within two weeks and subsequent rounds being conducted at short intervals (of between two to three  weeks). 

 

Poliovirus Weekly Update as on – August 10, 2016 -  World Wide as Reported by WHO:  

 

Wild Polio Virus case reported in the past week World Wide in 2016: Nil

 

Total number of wild polio virus cases in 2016 move to: 19

 

Number of wild polio virus cases in 2015: 74

 

Afghanistan: No new case of wild polio virus type 1 (WPV1) was reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis in Shigal Wa Sheltan district of Kunar province on 29 May. 

Pakistan: No new case of wild poliovirus type 1 (WPV1) was reported in the past week. The most recent case had onset of paralysis in South Waziristan agency in the Federally Administered Tribal Areas (FATA) with onset of paralysis on 18 June.

 

OFFICIALLY REPORTED WILD VIRUS CASES ON – August 10, 2016 in Endemic Countries: 19 (Compared with 36 in the same period in 2015)  

 

Afghanistan: 6 cases in 2016 (compared with 7 for the same period in 2015)

Pakistan: 13 cases in 2016 (compared with 29 for the same period in 2015)

 

OFFICIALLY REPORTED WILD VIRUS CASES ON – August 10, 2016 in Importation Countries continues at 0 (Compared with 0 in the same period in 2015)     

 

Officially reported cVDPV cases on – August 10, 2016 -  World Wide as Reported by WHO.     

 

New cVDPV cases reported in the past week for 2016: Nil 

 

Total global cases in 2016 move to: 3 (compared with 12 for the same period in 2015)

Total global cases in endemic Countries in 2016: 0 (compared with 3 for the same period in 2015)

Total in non-endemic countries in 2016: 3 (compared with 8 for the same period in 2015)

 

· Lao People's Democratic Republic: 3 cases in 2016 (compared with 0 for the same period in 2015),

  onset of paralysis of most recent   case: 11-Jan-16.

 

· Myanmar: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 0 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of most

  recent case: 05-Oct-15

 

· Guinea: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 0 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of most

  recent case: 02-Oct-15

 

· Madagascar: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 9 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of

  most recent case: 22-Aug-15

 

· Ukraine: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 0 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of most

  recent case: 07-Jul-15

 

· Nigeria: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 1 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of most

  recent case: 16-May-15

 

· Pakistan: 0 case in 2016 (compared with 2 for the same period in 2015), onset of paralysis of most

  recent case: 09-Feb-15

 

· Total global cases in 2015: 32

 

Next SNID in India

 

Sunday September 25, 2016 followed by 3 days of House to House activity

 

 

 

Manjit S. Sawhney                                                                     

Rotary Internationals

2011-15 Chairman South East Asia Regional PolioPlus Committee

2003-16 Representing Rotary at NPSP-WHO

2009-17 Member India National PolioPlus Committee

2015-16 Chairman Rotary Family Exchange od D 3011  

2008-17 Director Rotary Action Group on Polio Survivors

2011-17 Director Rotary Action Group on Preventable Blindness

2004-17 Secretary General Rotary Habitat Centre – District 3010

1997-98 Governor RID 3010

 

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